Web dev

What are Frameworks in Web Development?

Content Manager

Elizabeth Stefantsova

Content Manager

April 13
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Web frameworks are designed to develop web applications. Frameworks consist of many different libraries that facilitate the development of a software product or website. Web application development frameworks are collections of different tools. Frameworks vary in their capabilities and functions, depending on the tasks set. They define the structure, set the rules, and provide the necessary set of development tools.

Development is definitely not an easy process. It includes many different tasks — planning, coding and testing. Frameworks make developers' work easier by allowing them to control the entire software development process from a single platform.

The programming interface (API) and the architecture of the future apps, built with it, depends on the framework definition. Developers know the libraries and understand the basic development patterns.

Let's see what are the most popular web development frameworks today.

Backend frameworks

Backend frameworks

Backend frameworks are running on the server side. They are responsible for developing well-structured, secure and dynamic backend applications. The tools provided by such frameworks make the whole development process greatly simplify, helping you to focus on requested ideas and features.

What are the most popular back end web development frameworks?

Express — used by well-known companies such as Accenture, IBM and Uber. Express is a minimalistic, rapid and flexible framework. It provides all the capabilities you need while actively leveraging all the benefits and power of Node.js. Supports REST API.

Django — a popular framework used by IT leaders Google, YouTube, Instagram for web development on Python. With many available useful functions: routing, working with a database, the admin part of the site and more. The framework implements many important security principles on its own.

Frontend frameworks

Frontend web development frameworks

Frontend frameworks work in the browser and can be used by web development companies to realize user interfaces or improve them in different ways, build site logic and create single-page applications.

With these frameworks developers can integrate innovative solutions and improve the user interfaces, websites and applications will look good in any browser and system, making them accessible for every user.

What are the most popular front end web development frameworks?

Angular — specialized in single-page application (SPA), highly rated by Microsoft and Paypal. Used for TypeScript development.

Vue — flexible tool with a progressive structure that can be easily integrated into existing projects. Component architecture and rich ecosystem allows to develop complex apps with minimal costs.

Ember - framework for maximizing developers productivity, offering a wide range of features and components. With Ember, you can create a website like YouTube by leveraging its robust capabilities. It applies the best programming practices and many useful functions and components. Used by by industry giants such as Google, Microsoft, Heroku and Netflix, Ember applies the best programming practices to ensure efficient and scalable web development. Whether you're building a video-sharing platform or any other complex application, Ember provides the tools and resources necessary to create a website that rivals the functionality and user experience of YouTube.

Full-stack frameworks

Full-stack web development frameworks

These frameworks provide tools for both server-side and client-side to problem solving.

Meteor is a good example. Server side and client side, both can be created using the same programming language - JavaScript. This makes it possible to create and use one codebase for running an application, which contains both front- and back-end logic.

Flask, written on Python, is another example of a full-stack framework.

Frameworks and microframeworks

Web development frameworks can vary in sizes. There are tools that can be solutions for everything. Lighter weight options specialize in solving specific problems. Such frameworks are called microframeworks. Their functionality is extended with other applications.

Top web development frameworks 2022

1. Bootstrap

- This framework can solve almost any actual problems with a large number of free and paid templates. - Bootstrap can be tuned in with SASS. The user can establish own projects using npm.

2. Foundation

- Doesn't have a separate style. The huge variety of tools can set up for yourself. Included navigation bars, multiple container types, and a developer-friendly grid. - Foundation also offers access to ready-made HTML templates. - Motion UI can be used for animations with inbuilt effects.

3. Bulma

- Users can only get good looking web pages with default settings. - The flexbox module makes it easy to create responsive layouts. - Setting up the default project parameters is done in minutes. - Doesn't contain JavaScript functionality, but integrates easily with other frameworks.

4. UIKit

- Has a variety of components for allowing to perform complex frontend layouts, and also provides access to advanced elements (navigation bars, sidebars, and parallax structures). - Ability to set and widen with LESS or SASS preprocessors. - Provides a web customizer to allow create own designs and copy SASS or LESS variables into projects.

5. Milligram

- Readily to configure and apply heavy features to refine productivity. - Has no default style, it's possible to create what users want. - Simple interface, fast to understand all features.

Mobile Development Frameworks

Mobile Development Frameworks

1. Ionic

Ionic is an open-source mobile UI toolkit for developing high-quality, cross-platform applications for Android, iOS, and the Web from one codebase.

Ionic is a development platform for the whole application lifecycle that allows teams to create better and faster applications. Some of the popular applications developed using Ionic are:

- MarketWatch - McDonald's - Pacifica

2. Xamarin

Xamarin is open-source application development platform for creating Android, iOS applications with .NET, and C#.

Some of the popular applications developed using Xamarin are:

- Alaska airlines - CA Mobile - Novarum DX

3. Flutter

Flutter is Google’s UI toolkit for building beautiful, natively compiled applications for mobile, web, and desktop from a single codebase. It has an expressive and flexible UI and gives a native performance on iOS and Android platforms.

Some of the popular applications developed using Flutter are:

- Alibaba - Cryptography - Google Ads

Security Considerations

While frameworks offer numerous advantages, it's important to remember that they can't guarantee complete security for your web applications. Here are some additional security measures to consider:

Regular updates: Keep your frameworks and libraries updated with the latest security patches.
Input validation: Validate all user input to prevent malicious code injection.
Secure coding practices: Follow secure coding practices to avoid common vulnerabilities.
Stay informed: Keep yourself updated on the latest web security threats and best practices.

For a deeper dive into securing web applications, you can refer to more information about Mac security.


What is a web development framework? It is a good decision for developers. Frameworks simplify development processes. Developers should always stay in touch with new technologies and frameworks for successful work.

Advantages of using web app development frameworks:

- Helps in setting programming practices and fitting use of development patterns - Code have more secure - Ability to avoid duplicate and redundant code - Helps develop code without bugs - Makes it easier to work on difficult technologies - Possibility to contribute to open-source frameworks - Frameworks are pre-tested and save time for developing applications

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